georges jacques danton

Georges-Jacques Danton (Arcis, Aube, 1759 - París, 1794) Político y revolucionario francés. He spoke out against the distinction between active and passive citizens and thus became one of the first to espouse the modern conception of the legal equality of all citizens. He immediately made every effort to end all the disputes between the Revolutionary parties, but his policy of conciliation was thwarted by the Gironde, which demanded that he render an accounting when he left his post as minister of justice. The leadership of the Revolution passed to Robespierre. Georges Jacques Danton, French Revolutionary; 1765. During the national crisis in the spring of 1792 (war was declared on Austria on April 20), Danton resumed his role of tribune of the people. Yet he took no part in the demonstrations before the royal palace of the Tuileries on June 20. Probably the best biography is Hermann Wendel, Danton (1930; trans. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Danton has been the subject of a controversial literature. On April 5, 1794, Danton went to the guillotine, which he had vowed to either pull down or die beneath. Setbacks in the Vandée and his attempted protection of the Girondists, even after their exclusion from the National Convention, resulted in Danton's not being reelected to the Committee on July 10, 1793. Encyclopedia.com. After the defeat of Neerwinden (March 18, 1793), when Dumouriez went over to the Austrians, the Gironde accused Danton of complicity with the General. This short period of nineteen months was practically the life of Danton, so far as the world is concerned with him. Danton was a member; resigning the ministry of justice, he took a foremost part in the deliberations and proceedings of the Convention, until his execution in April 1794. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Après avoir fait de médiocres études au petit séminaire de Troyes et chez les Oratoriens de Troyes, Danton est parti pour However small a part he played in removing the king, he was elected minister of justice by the Legislative Assembly. Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/danton-georges-jacques. "Danton, Georges Jacques Active figure in the Great French Revolution. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. . One of the Western world’s most epic uprisings, the French Revolution ended a monarchy that had ruled for almost a thousand years. Danton’s parents wanted him to enter the priesthood but he chose to follow his father into law. Danton could not justify 200,000 livres of secret expenditures. Something of Mathiez's approach permeates Robert Christophe, Danton: A Biography (trans. He had become convinced, as had others, that as long as the monarchy continued to exist the Revolution would be endangered. His dealings with Dumouriez, who commanded the army of Belgium, have never been clarified. He passed away on 5 Apr 1794 in Paris,,,Ile-de-France,France. Edward Young, English poet (Love of Fame), dies at 81; 1732. Danton was a pragmatist who believed that the Revolution could only succeed if it limited its program to the possible, which meant upholding the rights of property, ending the war as quickly as possible by negotiation, and restoring order through a strong central government. Professor of the History of the French Revolution, University of Paris I. Born near Troyes, Danton’s father was a local prosecutor but a generation further back his family had been peasants. During the crisis following Louis XVI’s attempt to leave the country in June, he became increasingly prominent in the Revolutionary movement. The increasingly radical demands of the Hébertists, however, were more frightening to Danton, and he lent his support to However, the date of retrieval is often important. ." The proclamation he then caused the Executive Council to adopt bears his stamp: it was a summons to battle. After the Hébertists had been suppressed, Robespierre moved against Danton, who had called for an end to the Terror. Share with your friends. Sa laideur et sa vigueur, sa vénalité aussi, le font surnommer le « … During this period Danton delivered his famous speech to the National Convention, which stated that to protect the Revolution it was necessary for France to secure its natural boundaries, although this might mean a perpetuation of the war. Georges-Jacques Danton : The country was embroiled in a foreign war. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Though not officially its president, Danton dominated his colleagues by his strength of character, the aura of his Revolutionary past, and his ability to make swift decisions. According to the Mémoires of Théodore, comte de Lameth, a former Revolutionary, Danton wanted to spare the king. He was a member of the National Convention when he voted for the execution of King Louis XVI in January of 1793. In this capacity he rallied the nation against the invading Prussians. Meanwhile, however, Danton shone at the Cordeliers Club and at another political association, the Jacobin Club, before both of which he frequently made speeches during 1791. . "Georges Jacques Danton In many instances,…, Jacques René Hébert Unfortunately, none of these works is in translation. Danton's part in founding the Cordeliers Club, which became the advance guard of popular revolutionary activity, suggests that from the beginning of the Revolution he inclined toward the "people's cause." Georges-Jacques Danton (26 d'ochobre de 1759, Arcis-sur-Aube - 5 d'abril de 1794, París) foi un abogáu y políticu francés que desempeñó un papel determinante mientres la Revolución francesa y que'l so talante contemporizador foi refugáu polos sectores en pugnaz rivalidá. 1912-2006 (William Richard Philip George), George, Robert P. 1955- (Robert Peter George), Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert Cuvier, Georgetown College: Narrative Description, Georgetown University: Narrative Description, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/georges-jacques-danton, https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/danton-georges-jacques. … He was born to Jacques Danton and Mary Camus. ." https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/danton-georges-jacques, "Danton, Georges Jacques "Georges Jacques Danton Although absent from the trial, Danton had played a part in it since the autumn of 1792. Quotations by Georges Jacques Danton, French Revolutionary, Born October 26, 1759. Danton, Georges Jacques Born Oct. 28, 1759, in Arci-sur-Aube; died Apr. . 28 likes. His great supporter was Alphonse Aulard, who unfortunately never wrote a biography of his hero. Danton had tendencies toward laziness and the dissolute life, which often blunted the force of his actions and made him appear capricious and unreliable to many of his contemporaries. Danton, Georges Jacqueszhōrzh zhäk däNtôN´ [key], 1759–94, French statesman, one of the leading figures of the French Revolution. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Georges-Danton, Heritage History - Biography of Georges Danton, Georges Danton - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). . Georges Danton - Georges Danton - Trial of Danton: Before the Revolutionary tribunal, Danton boldly spoke his mind. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. A biography of Georges-Jacques Danton, a leading French revolutionary—from his rural upbringing to his death five years after the storming of the Bastille. The new government had declared war against the powerful Austria and in the beginning it did not go well for France. He later became the first president of the Committee of Public Safety, but his increasing moderation and eventual opposition to the Reign of Terror led to his own death at the guillotine. He was present, however, on January 15, 1793, and voted for death without reprieve. His facial scars and mild deformities were caused by animals that had attacked him in childhood. ." When the news arrived that Longwy had been taken by the invading armies (Prussia had allied itself with Austria in July) on August 25, 1792, and Jean-Marie Roland, minister of the interior, proposed that the government should move from Paris to Blois, Danton objected vigorously. World Encyclopedia. 1929) offer a more moderate but still favorable interpretation in … Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. ... né à Arcis-sur-Aube, le 26 octobre 1759, mort à Paris, le 5 avril 1794, il était le fils de « Jacques Danton procureur au bailliage d'Arcis et de Marie-Madeleine Camut. Join Facebook to connect with Danton Georges Jacques and others you may know. His was a respectable and well-educated lawyer family in the region. Georges-Jacques Danton naît le 26 octobre 1759 à Arcis-sur-Aube. A Parisian lawyer, he became a leader of the Cordeliersearly in the Revolution and gained popular favor through his powerful oratory. Age 34 years (age at death) old. In December 1791 Danton was elected first deputy prosecutor of the Paris Commune. Boldly turning the tables, Danton made the same accusation against the Girondins. The son of a procurator, Danton was a lawyer by education. The French journalist and revolutionist Jacques René Hébert (1757-1794) published the journal "Le Père Duches…, The name Jacobin derives from the Jacobin convent situated near the National Assembly where the radical Breton deputies who had founded a political c…, rebellion, revolution Relatively rare but historically important events in which an entire social and political order is overturned, usually by viole…, Georges Cuvier Revolutionizes Paleontology, Georges Bank (Collapse of the Ground Fishery), George, W.R.P. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Complicating matters was the fact that counter-revolutionary Frenchmen were working with Austria in the hopes of turning back the revolution. Robespierre. Liste des citations de Georges Jacques Danton classées par thématique. Georges Jacques Danton (French: [ʒɔʁʒ dɑ̃tɔ̃]; 26 October 1759 – 5 April 1794) was a leading figure in the early stages of the French Revolution, in particular as the first president of the Committee of Public Safety. Danton was the son of Jacques Danton, an attorney, and his second wife, Marie-Madeleine Camus. At heart Danton appears to have been 1759 - 1794. It seems that, having failed, despite strenuous efforts, to gain the support of the Girondins, Danton plotted with General Charles-François du Périer Dumouriez to obtain the intervention of the English government by bribery. Georges Danton was executed without due process (without proper witnesses for the defence) on 5 April 1794. There seems to be little doubt that he was implicated in financial corruption, but this appears more the result of thoughtlessness than a deliberate attempt to profit from the Revolution. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Georges-Jacques Danton, French revolutionary leader, guillotined at 34; 1794. He then married Antoinette Charpentier. After attending school in Champagne, Danton was from 1773 educated by the Oratorians at Troyes. On June 18 he attacked the marquis de Lafayette, an adviser of the king and a general, for using his position to play politics. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Georges Danton was born on October 26, 1759, into an upper middle-class French family in Arcis-sur-Aube in north-eastern France. Following King Louis XVI's unsuccessful flight in June 1791, Danton was among those who called for the creation of a republic, and his speeches were considered responsible for the popular agitation that culminated in the massacre of the Champ de Mars. 1921), and his vignette of Danton in Figures of the Revolution (1928; trans. French language with English subtitles. less a radical than an energetic and undisciplined individualist whose personality and the force of circumstances enabled him to become a great popular leader. Called the "orator of the streets," he was the most prominent early defender of popular liberties and the republican spirit. 1929) offer a more moderate but still favorable interpretation in which Danton's realism is praised. In the spring of 1790, with some militants from his district, he founded the popular association that was to become famous as the Cordeliers Club. Bienvenue dans la Généalogie des familles FORMA - BANTEGNIE. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Georges Danton was a leading figure in the beginning of the French Revolution. Omissions? Johann Christian Schieferdecker, composer, dies at 52; 1723 . Fils d'un procureur d'Arcis-sur-Aube, en Champagne, Danton devient avocat en 1787 avant de se rallier avec passion au mouvement révolutionnaire. A partir del estallido de la Revolución Francesa en 1789, este joven abogado se erigió como líder de las masas populares de París, con las que conectó gracias a su oratoria llana, su energía desbordante y … Paris ayant été divisé en soixante districts, Danton, électeur primaire pour les États généraux, reçoit la présidence du district de l'église des Cordeliers (1789), où il fréquente Camille Desmoulins et Marat. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Dedicated to those deeply distressed by Trump and the chaos, anger and hatred he is creating! Updates? By the mid-1780s, he was working as a defence lawyer in Reims, before buying a venal office and relocating to Paris in 1787. Although his part in the overthrow of the monarchy by the insurrection of August 10, 1792, remains obscure, he was largely credited with its success. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Following the invasion of the Tuileries on June 20, 1792, he was elected president of the Théâtre Française Electoral District. Le père de Danton meurt alors qu’il a trois ans, il ne gardera aucun souvenir de lui. (December 21, 2020). He was a lawyer and a politician. The break was irreparable. Georges Danton, in full Georges-Jacques Danton, (born October 26, 1759, Arcis-sur-Aube, France—died April 5, 1794, Paris), French Revolutionary leader and orator, often credited as the chief force in the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of the First French Republic (September 21, 1792). At the outbreak of the Revolution in July 1789, Danton enrolled in the garde bourgeoise (civic guard) of the Cordeliers district and was elected president of the district in October. Acting as a metaphor for revolutionary events unfolding in Poland in the early 1980s, this powerful historical drama from filmmaker Andrzej Wajda follows Georges Jacques Danton and Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre, allies in the French Revolution. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Born in Arcis-sur-Aube in Champagne on Oct. 26, 1759, Georges Jacques Danton was the son of a lawyer and minor court official. In October Danton retired to his home in Arcis; he returned to Paris the following month at the insistence of his friends, who feared Robespierre's terrorist policies. He was employed in the office of public prosecutor in Paris and in 1787 purchased the office of advocate to the King's Council. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Louis Madelin, Danton (1914; trans. (December 21, 2020). “I will no longer defend myself,” Danton cried. Encyclopedia.com. World Encyclopedia. Il ne semble pas payer de sa personne lors de la prise de la Bastille, mais peu à peu son influence grandit. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. At the same time he began to play the primary role in the conspiracy that led to the overthrow of the monarchy on Aug. 10, 1792. His signature, however, does not appear on the famous petition of the Cordeliers demanding the abdication of Louis XVI that, on July 17, resulted in the massacre of some of the petitioners by the national guard. However, Aulard's The French Revolution: A Political History, 1789-1804 (1901; trans., 4 vols., 1910) clearly indicates his admiration for Danton as the greatest example of revolutionary spirit. Georges Jacques DANTON 1759-1794: Auteur de cet arbre : Claude FORMA . Georges Danton is a French President of the Committee of Public Safety, Administrator of the Department of Paris, Member of the National Convention, who was born on 26 October, 1759 in Arcis-sur-Aube, France. The French statesman Georges Jacques Danton (1759-1794) was a leader during the French Revolution. General dissatisfacti…, A sudden, tumultuous, and radical transformation of an entire system of government, including its legal and political components. During the repression following these events, Danton took refuge in London. Il est le cinquième enfant et le premier garçon d’un couple de la petite bourgeoisie de province : Jacques Danton et Madeleine Camut. He returned to Paris to take part in the elections to the Legislative Assembly as elector for the Théâtre Français section, and in December 1791 he was elected second assistant to the procureur (public prosecutor) of the Paris Commune. Author of. 21 Dec. 2020 . "Danton, Georges Jacques Hampson, Norman, Danton, Oxford, UK; New York, NY, USA:B. Blackwell, 1988, 1978. 1921), and his vignette of Danton in Figures of the Revolution (1928; trans. View the profiles of people named Danton Georges Jacques. It appears that he could have done little to prevent the September Massacres (1792), but his silent complicity in them deepened the split between himself and the Rolandists, which did much to force the trial of the King. Speaking before the Revolutionary Tribunal, Danton boasted that he had “been responsible for” the events of August 10; that insurrection, however, was not the result of the efforts of Danton or any other man but, rather, the collective act of obscure militants from all over the city. 21 Dec. 2020 . Enjoy the best Georges Jacques Danton Quotes at BrainyQuote. Georges-Jacques Danton. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Georges-Jacques Danton was the driving force behind it. He was educated by the Oratorians at Troyes and in 1785 earned a degree in law at the University of Reims. 1967). Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/georges-jacques-danton.

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